The Latest from Global Gumii Oromia
GGO Founding Conference April 2017
Gadaa of Oromo Documentary
GGO President and Vice President on Crisis in the rotten Ethiopian empire.
GGO Canada Conference 2017GGO Toronto, CA ONN 2017
THE FOUNDING MANIFESTO OF GLOBAL GUMII OROMIA (GGO)
The Oromo were a glorious, powerful, and independent people prior to the colonization of their country, Oromia, in the last decades of the 19th century by Abyssinian/Ethiopian colonialists allied with European imperialists. They were organized culturally, politically, and militarily through the gadaa system (Oromo democracy) and they maintained their civilization, wellbeing, security and sovereignty for centuries. The Oromo were known for their complex democratic laws, an elaborate legislative tradition, well-developed methods of dispute settlement, and a system of checks and balances that was at least as complex as the systems used in Western democracies. Their version of constitutional government, gadaa, existed before the emergence of contemporary democracy in the West. "What is astonishing about this cultural tradition is how far the Oromo have gone to ensure that power does not fall in the hand of war chiefs and despots. They achieve this goal by creating a system of checks and balances that is at least as complex as the systems we find in Western democracies."[i] The gadaa system had the principles of checks and balances (through periodic succession of every eight years), division of power (among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches), balanced opposition (among five parties), and power sharing between higher and lower administrative organs to prevent power from falling into the hands of despots. Other principles of the system included balanced representation of all clans, lineages, regions and confederacies, accountability of leaders and followers, the settlement of disputes through reconciliation and respect for basic rights and liberties.
Before the imposition of Ethiopian colonialism in the second half of the nineteenth century, the Oromo democratic institution functioned smoothly as a socio-political system by promoting peace, security, sustainable development, and political sovereignty.
Qeerroo and Qeerreettii of Oromiyaa Rule !.
Waaye GGO Bal'naan Baradhaa !
There were five parties in the gadaa system. All gadaa officials were elected for eight years. Gadaa has been an all-encompassing institution of politics, military, defense, economy, religion, ethics, culture and tradition. The siiqqee or siinqee institution was/is used by Oromo women as a check and balance system to counter potential male-domination. The siiqqee institution has given a political and social platform for Oromo women to effectively voice their concerns and address their social justice issues. Read More....
Learn more about GGO !
The Oromo civilization, democratic governance, and worldview have been built on overarching principles that are embedded within Oromo traditions and culture and, at the same time, have universal relevance for all peoples because they have promoted individual and collective freedom, justice, popular democracy, and human liberation, all of which are built on the concept of safuu (moral and ethical order) and are enshrined in gadaa/siiqqee principles. Read More ...